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Extended Reality Application Framework for a Digital-Twin-Based Smart Crane

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.author Yang, Chao
dc.contributor.author Tu, Xinyi
dc.contributor.author Autiosalo, Juuso
dc.contributor.author Ala-Laurinaho, Riku
dc.contributor.author Mattila, Joel
dc.contributor.author Salminen, Pauli
dc.contributor.author Tammi, Kari
dc.date.accessioned 2022-06-22T09:01:23Z
dc.date.available 2022-06-22T09:01:23Z
dc.date.issued 2022-06-14
dc.identifier.citation Yang , C , Tu , X , Autiosalo , J , Ala-Laurinaho , R , Mattila , J , Salminen , P & Tammi , K 2022 , ' Extended Reality Application Framework for a Digital-Twin-Based Smart Crane ' , Applied Sciences (Switzerland) , vol. 12 , no. 12 , 6030 . https://doi.org/10.3390/app12126030 en
dc.identifier.issn 2076-3417
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 28bb67db-9dc4-4f7a-bd1e-31672d0d2c52
dc.identifier.other PURE ITEMURL: https://research.aalto.fi/en/publications/28bb67db-9dc4-4f7a-bd1e-31672d0d2c52
dc.identifier.other PURE LINK: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85132580915&partnerID=8YFLogxK
dc.identifier.other PURE FILEURL: https://research.aalto.fi/files/84491297/applsci_12_06030_1.pdf
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/115308
dc.description.abstract Industry 4.0 is moving forward under technology upgrades, utilizing information technology to improve the intelligence of the industry, whereas Industry 5.0 is value-driven, aiming to focus on essential societal needs, values, and responsibility. The manufacturing industry is currently moving towards the integration of productivity enhancements and sustainable human employment. Such a transformation has deeply changed the human–machine interaction (HMI), among which digital twin (DT) and extended reality (XR) are two cutting-edge technologies. A manufacturing DT offers an opportunity to simulate, monitor, and optimize the machine. In the meantime, XR empowers HMI in the industrial field. This paper presents an XR application framework for DT-based services within a manufacturing context. This work aims to develop a technological framework to improve the efficiency of the XR application development and the usability of the XR-based HMI systems. We first introduce four layers of the framework, including the perception layer with the physical machine and its ROS-based simulation model, the machine communication layer, the network layer containing three kinds of communication middleware, and the Unity-based service layer creating XR-based digital applications. Subsequently, we conduct the responsiveness test for the framework and describe several XR industrial applications for a DT-based smart crane. Finally, we highlight the research challenges and potential issues that should be further addressed by analyzing the performance of the whole framework. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher MDPI AG
dc.relation.ispartofseries Applied Sciences (Switzerland) en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Volume 12, issue 12 en
dc.rights openAccess en
dc.title Extended Reality Application Framework for a Digital-Twin-Based Smart Crane en
dc.type A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä fi
dc.description.version Peer reviewed en
dc.contributor.department Department of Mechanical Engineering
dc.contributor.department Mechatronics
dc.subject.keyword digital twin
dc.subject.keyword extended reality
dc.subject.keyword human-machine interaction
dc.subject.keyword framework
dc.subject.keyword crane
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-202206224148
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/app12126030
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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